Tuesday, 8 April 2014

Various Minerals Available and their Location in India

India is rich in various natural resources. Many states in India like Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are rich in mineral resources. While Goa is known for its ores, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are recognized for the heavy mineral reserves. 

Mining is a major economic activity and contributes largely to the country’s wealth. Since these are non renewable resources, India is blessed with umpteen amounts of metallic as well as non metallic mineral reserves. 11 states of India are endowed with huge mineral deposits. The off shore mining holds greater importance as it contributes better value to mineral production of our country. 

One of the premier companies that indulge in heavy mineral mining is V.V. Mineral. They are India’s biggest mining, manufacturers and exporters of Garnet. They have been awarded as the ‘Number One Garnet Exporters’ of our country. They also undertake Zircon mining, Rutile mining and Ilmenite mining.

The geographical distribution of minerals in India can be analyzed by dividing into five belts i.e. the north eastern peninsula belt including Orrisa, Jharkand, West Bengal, the central belt including Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The southern belt includes Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, south western belt comprise of Karnataka and Goa and lastly the north western belt including Rajasthan and Gujarat. 

The types of minerals found in India include, iron, coal, petroleum, manganese, mica, copper, gold, and diamond. Iron is found in places like Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Coal reserves are found in Bihar, West Bengal, Damodar Valley, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Petroleum is found in Assam Sujarat and Bombay High off the shore of Bombay. 

Manganese is found in Orissa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Mica is found mostly in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. Gold reserves lie in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. And Diamonds are found in limited deposits in Madhya Pradesh. 

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